The "Optics and Nanotechnologies" specialization trains students for the activities of research and development in the field of nanotechnologies. This programme is based on the study of various techniques and methods, mainly optical, which make it possible to manufacture nanostructures and materials, to characterize their physical and chemical properties and to understand the associated phenomena.
Research into miniaturization of mechanical, electronic, optical, chemical, and biological, devices has seen a huge rise in the last fifteen years, thanks to the development of new microscopes called local probe microscopes.
The goal of these new probe techniques is to characterize and help to build miniaturized objects, and thus to develop future technologies, on the nanometer scale (nanotechnologies), or even the atom scale.
The "Optics and Nanotechnologies" specialization offers training mainly in the field of optical local probe microscopy and a familiarisation with other microscopic techniques (Atomic Force Microscopy AFM, Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy STM).
The principal research topics covered are geared towards nanosciences. They tackle the problems of nanodetection of molecular, crystalline or nanostructured objects, but also those of modeling electromagnetic fields on the same scale, with the aim of understanding and interpreting the observed experimental results.
Generally speaking, this speciality is based on an "optical" approach i.e. to use a transverse discipline to explore a multi-disciplinary and developing field, which is nanotechnologies.
For the first year, admission is offered to holders of a European degree in physics, chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, applied mathematics, and to the students who can provide evidence of a diploma equivalent to 180 ECTS credits in one of these disciplines. For the second year, admission is offered to the holders of a Bachelor’s degree in physics, physical sciences, chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, EEA, or applied mathematics, and to the holders of a MST, or engineering students in the final year of their degree if their course contains a basic training in physics (materials, optics...), physico-chemistry or mathematics. Admission is also possible for the holders of equivalent foreign degrees (240 ECTS credits). Final admission is decided by a jury who evaluates the applications.
Nanotechnology, or the control of matter on the elements scale which constitutes it, requires knowledge and a know-how which is increasingly valuable to engineers and researchers. The programme offered will enable the students to become familiar with the techniques, from an experimental point of view, as well as a theoretical and numerical one. The knowledge acquired will enable to consider new outlets in organizations or laboratories, which can be found in sectors as varied as biology, physics and chemistry of materials, optoelectronics and photonics.